total knee replacement surgery
Total Knee Replacement Surgery
Total knee arthroplasty procedure is not an entirely accurate term. The knee is not totally replaced rather the joint is resurfaced. The cartilage surfaces are removed and replaced with metal and plastic components The overall shape and structure of the bones are maintained. In a normal knee joint the end of the femur (thigh bone), which consists of knuckle-shaped femoral condyles, slides against the upper part of the tibia (shin bone), or tibial plateau.

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bilateral knee replacement surgery
Bilateral Knee Replacement Surgery
Another surgical option that must be dis-cussed is the case of the patient with end-stage arthritis in both knees. This situation requires bilateral knee replacements (surgery on both knees). The surgeon and patient need to decide whether it is best to do one procedure at a time on two different days or to per-form surgery on both knees on the same day and during the same anesthetic.Several things need to be considered when making this decision about bilateral total knee replacement.

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Minimally invasive knee replacement
Minimally Invasive Knee Replacement Surgery
In minimally invasive knee surgery but there is less cutting of the tissue nearby the knee. The artificial implantations used are the same as those used for traditional knee replacement. Specially designed surgical instruments are used to make the femur and tibia to place the implants properly.Minimally invasive knee replacement is performed through a shorter incision 4 to 6 inches versus 8 to 10 inches for traditional knee replacement (TKR).

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Partial knee replacement
Partial Knee Replacement Surgery
Partial knee replacement surgery is a precise treatment option that replaces only the spoiled portion of the knee while preserving knee ligaments and natural cartilage. “Patients with Partial knee arthritis have cartilage degeneration in only one section of the knee. The spoiled areas are replaced with artificial implant, called a prosthetic.A partial knee replacement operation usually takes between 1 and 2 hours.Your surgeon will make an incision at the anterior of your knee.

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